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cost of ferric chloride coagulant beckart environmental

  • Ferric Chloride, Coagulant | Beckart Environmental

    Ferric Chloride. Ferric chloride is the coagulant of choice for many industrial and sanitary wastewater treatment applications, due to its high efficiency, effectiveness in clarification, and utility as a sludge dewatering agent. The chemical leaves slight residual color, and offers very good turbidity removal.

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  • Ferric Chloride for Industrial Waterwaste Treatment - Beckart

    Ferric Chloride. Ferric chloride is the coagulant of choice for many industrial and sanitary wastewater treatment applications, due to its high efficiency, effectiveness in clarification, and utility as a sludge dewatering agent. The chemical leaves slight residual color, and offers very good turbidity removal.

    Get Price
  • Coagulants and Flocculants | Beckart Environmental

    In addition to supplying chemicals, Beckart Environmental can outfit your facility with any equipment you require to effectively administer treatment chemicals. Our selection includes: Chemical feed systems that will automatically apply chemicals to your wastewater, ensuring that this work will be done in a precise and cost-effective manner

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  • Coagulants for Industrial Wastewater | Beckart Environmental

    Beckart Blends are available in 55 gallon drums, 275 gallon totes and tanker loads. With our optimized flocculants and coagulant blends, your company will waste less money on chemicals that aren’t necessary for your specific wastewater treatment goals, and your employees will spend less time measuring and combining individual chemicals.

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  • Industrial Wastewater Treatment Manufacturer - Beckart

    2017-8-1 · Coagulation is a conventional and cost-effective treatment that can be used for pretreating the water before applying membrane processes ... Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection, ... Clarification of municipal sewage with ferric chloride: the nature of coagulant species. Water Res., 38 (2004), pp. 756-768.

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  • Flocculants for Industrial Wastewater Treatment | Beckart

    Ferric Chloride, Coagulant Beckart Environmental. Ferric Chloride. Ferric chloride is the coagulant of choice for many industrial and sanitary wastewater treatment applications, due to its high efficiency, effectiveness in clarification, and utility as a sludge dewatering agent.

    Get Price
  • Optimization of coagulation with ferric chloride as a ...

    Ferrous Sulfate Monohydrate. The coagulant of choice for many industrial and sanitary wastewater treatment applications, due to its high efficiency, effectiveness in clarification, and utility as a sludge dewatering agent. The chemical leaves slight residual color, and offers very good turbidity removal. Ferrous Sulfate Monohydrate should be ...

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  • Optimization of coagulation with ferric chloride as a ...

    2017-8-1 · Coagulation is a conventional and cost-effective treatment that can be used for pretreating the water before applying membrane processes ... Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection, ... Clarification of municipal sewage with ferric chloride: the nature of coagulant species. Water Res., 38 (2004), pp. 756-768.

    Get Price
  • Coagulants for Industrial Waste Water Treatment - Beckart

    38% Ferric Chloride Solution. Ferric chloride is mainly used for electronic circuits board of mordants. 40% Ferric Chloride Solution. Ferric chloride coagulant is made by polyaluminum chloride complexing with polymeric. Therefore, the molecular structure is enlarged; the capacity of neutralization and bridging adsorption is enhanced.

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  • Ferric chloride Suppliers - 3R Environmental Technology Co ...

    Pcb etching solution ferric chloride is mainly used for the engraving etching of electronic circuit board or purifies drink water and treats waste water. Ferric chloride is also used to make other iron salts, oxidant, catalyst, mordant and ink. Ferric Chloride Coagulant. Ferric chloride coagulant is made by polyaluminum chloride complexing with ...

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  • Ferric chloride Suppliers - 3R Environmental Technology Co ...

    2021-7-12 · Chemical Economics Handbook. Published May 2019. The primary use of ferric chloride is to remove impurities in water and for wastewater treatment. Ferric chloride is also one of the few water treatment chemicals that can sequester odors. Combined with use in industrial water applications and in the pretreatment of seawater prior to desalination ...

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  • Ferric Chloride - Chemical Economics Handbook (CEH) |

    2021-1-28 · The current study investigated the efficiency of poly ferric chloride (PFC) and poly titanium tetrachloride (PTC) in coagulation-flocculation process for treatment of paper and cardboard wastewater. The effect of pH (5–11), coagulant concentrations (100–1000 mg/L), mixing rate (10–60 rpm), mixing time (5–25 min), and settling time (5–30 min) were examined.

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  • Comparison of poly ferric chloride and poly titanium ...

    2016-4-14 · Results showed that the ferric chloride has more removal efficiency than alum in removal of COD, TSS and dye. The most removal of COD, TSS and dye using alum was obtained 36, 19 and 68.8% while for ferric chloride was obtained 72, 60 and 98% respectively. The optimum pH 7 and 5 were obtained for alum and ferric chloride respectively.

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  • Ferric chloride | FeCl3 - PubChem

    2017-10-18 · The price can fluctuate. The components used to make ferric chloride, whether the iron or the hydrochloric acid, go up and down quite a bit in price, which can greatly affect the price of ferric chloride itself. Currently, ferric chloride users are facing cost …

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  • Efficiency comparison of alum and ferric chloride ...

    2020-4-1 · 1000mg/L of Calcium hydroxide as a coagulant aid, and some others were treated with the same dose of Ferric chloride and Ca (OH) 2. Each coagulant was mixed well with 1000mL of the effluent sample for 5 minutes in a beaker on a magnetic stirrer. The mixture then sat undisturbed for 24 hours at room temperature.

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  • Optimization of coagulation with ferric chloride as a ...

    2017-8-1 · Coagulation is a conventional and cost-effective treatment that can be used for pretreating the water before applying membrane processes ... Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection, ... Clarification of municipal sewage with ferric chloride: the nature of coagulant species. Water Res., 38 (2004), pp. 756-768.

    Get Price
  • Ferric Chloride - Chemical Economics Handbook (CEH) |

    2021-7-12 · Chemical Economics Handbook. Published May 2019. The primary use of ferric chloride is to remove impurities in water and for wastewater treatment. Ferric chloride is also one of the few water treatment chemicals that can sequester odors. Combined with use in industrial water applications and in the pretreatment of seawater prior to desalination ...

    Get Price
  • Ferric chloride for odour control: studies from wastewater ...

    2020-11-30 · This study explores the application of the commonly-used coagulant ferric chloride to remove sulphides from wastewater. Dosage of 40 mg/L ferric chloride was effective in removing sulphides, phosphates, TSS and BOD. Ferric chloride can provide cost-effective treatment in WWTPs to reduce foul odour emissions.

    Get Price
  • Production of a ferric chloride coagulant by leaching an ...

    2020-9-1 · The coagulant is metal composed of ferric iron (98.49%) and aluminum (1.48%) and low concentrations of undesirable metals (UM) such as Mn, Pb, Cu, Cr, Zn, and As. Compared with the FC produced from an iron scrap - FC/IS and from mill scale from steel production - FC/MS (Silva, 2013), the molar mass ratio UM/(Fe + Al) of the ferric chloride ...

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  • Evaluation of Mix-Chemical Coagulants in Water ...

    2019-7-1 · ferric chloride, 1:1 and 3:1 alum-ferric chloride combination, respectively. Ferric chloride turbidity removal efficiency was greater than 94% in 5-45 mg/L coagulant dose range. However, relatively lower turbidity removal efficiency (<87%) was observed for alum, 1:1 and 3:1 alum-ferric chloride

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  • Efficiency comparison of alum and ferric chloride ...

    2016-4-14 · Results showed that the ferric chloride has more removal efficiency than alum in removal of COD, TSS and dye. The most removal of COD, TSS and dye using alum was obtained 36, 19 and 68.8% while for ferric chloride was obtained 72, 60 and 98% respectively. The optimum pH 7 and 5 were obtained for alum and ferric chloride respectively.

    Get Price
  • Comparison of poly ferric chloride and poly titanium ...

    2021-1-28 · The current study investigated the efficiency of poly ferric chloride (PFC) and poly titanium tetrachloride (PTC) in coagulation-flocculation process for treatment of paper and cardboard wastewater. The effect of pH (5–11), coagulant concentrations (100–1000 mg/L), mixing rate (10–60 rpm), mixing time (5–25 min), and settling time (5–30 min) were examined.

    Get Price
  • Evaluation of Ferric Chloride as a Coagulant for Cork ...

    2005-7-8 · This is a two-part work on the chemistry of iron(III) as coagulant in the treatment of cork processing wastewater. The main aim of the first part was to determine the removal of organic matter as measured by reductions in chemical oxygen demand (COD), polyphenols (P), and aromatic compounds (A) that can be obtained using this physicochemical process. To this end, …

    Get Price
  • Cleaner Tannery Wastewater Using Chemical Coagulants

    2020-4-1 · 1000mg/L of Calcium hydroxide as a coagulant aid, and some others were treated with the same dose of Ferric chloride and Ca (OH) 2. Each coagulant was mixed well with 1000mL of the effluent sample for 5 minutes in a beaker on a magnetic stirrer. The mixture then sat undisturbed for 24 hours at room temperature.

    Get Price
  • Influence on ferric chloride aqueous solution caused by ...

    ferric salt coagulant has the advantages of no biological toxicity, higher coagulation and settlement rate, better dewatering of sludge and shorter water treatment time.3 However, in the prac-tical application of ferric salt coagulant, there are still many disadvantages such as the high dosage required, high cost and secondary environmental ...

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  • A Comparison Of Aluminum And Iron-based Coagulants For ...

    2020-10-13 · pH and coagulant dose were developed and evaluated. Ferric chloride and ACH were observed to obtain the highest DOC (85% and 70%, respectively) and color (98% and 97%, respectively) removals at the lowest dose concentrations (120 mg/L and 100 mg/L, respectively). Ferric sulfate was effective at DOC removal but required a higher

    Get Price
  • Comparison of poly ferric chloride and poly titanium ...

    2021-1-28 · The current study investigated the efficiency of poly ferric chloride (PFC) and poly titanium tetrachloride (PTC) in coagulation-flocculation process for treatment of paper and cardboard wastewater. The effect of pH (5–11), coagulant concentrations (100–1000 mg/L), mixing rate (10–60 rpm), mixing time (5–25 min), and settling time (5–30 min) were examined.

    Get Price
  • Appraisal and ranking of poly-aluminium chloride, ferric ...

    2020-8-1 · Full removal and inactivation of Escherichia coli was achieved by ferric chloride. • No evidence of phytotoxicity to the growth of Lolium perenne L. caused by sludges. • Effluent from the coagulant treatment could be recycled for yard wash-down. • This management approach could minimize the cost compared to land application of DSW.

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  • Superiority of ferric chloride as coagulant over alum and ...

    Treatment system is based on sand bed filters. For coagulation of unwanted materials present in the water, Alum is being used with Anionic Polymer (Accofloc-A2125) as flocculent. But the ferric chloride is not only functions as a reactants to remove water impurities but it also functions as a both coagulant and a Flocculent.

    Get Price
  • Alum and Ferric Chloride: Pros, Cons, and Substitutes for ...

    2017-10-18 · The price can fluctuate. The components used to make ferric chloride, whether the iron or the hydrochloric acid, go up and down quite a bit in price, which can greatly affect the price of ferric chloride itself. Currently, ferric chloride users are facing cost …

    Get Price
  • Evaluation of polyaluminium ferric chloride (PAFC) as a ...

    2003-1-1 · Polyaluminium ferric chloride (PAFC), a new type of inorganic composite coagulant, was prepared by using the waste from the Mineral Bureau of Yanzhou, China, hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate as raw materials. The relationship between the stability of ferric ion and the ionic strength of solution was investigated.

    Get Price
  • Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal ...

    Nitrate removal from water using alum and ferric chloride: A comparative study of alum and ferric chloride efficiency Ali Ahmad Aghapour1, Sepideh Nemati 2, Amir Mohammadi *, Heshmatollah Nourmoradi3, Sima Karimzadeh2 1Assistant Professor of Environmental Health Engineering, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Urmia ...

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  • Coagulation performance and floc characteristics of ...

    2017-3-24 · In the present study, the performance of newly developed polytitanium tetrachloride (PTC) coagulant for the removal of freshwater microalga Chlorella vulgaris has been investigated and compared with titanium tetrachloride (TiCl 4) coagulant and the conventional ferric chloride (FeCl 3) coagulant. The main benefit of using titanium-based ...

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  • Coagulation performance and mechanism of polyaluminum ...

    2015-11-5 · 1. Introduction. Polyaluminum ferric chloride (PAFC) is an efficient inorganic polymeric coagulant , .Many studies , , have demonstrated that inorganic polymeric coagulants were more effective than conventional inorganic coagulating salts in coagulation due to their resistances to the influence of wastewater initial pH. Through copolymerization of aluminum and iron, PAFC …

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  • A Comparison Of Aluminum And Iron-based Coagulants For ...

    2020-10-13 · pH and coagulant dose were developed and evaluated. Ferric chloride and ACH were observed to obtain the highest DOC (85% and 70%, respectively) and color (98% and 97%, respectively) removals at the lowest dose concentrations (120 mg/L and 100 mg/L, respectively). Ferric sulfate was effective at DOC removal but required a higher

    Get Price
  • Ferric chloride for odour control: studies from wastewater ...

    2020-11-30 · This study explores the application of the commonly-used coagulant ferric chloride to remove sulphides from wastewater. Dosage of 40 mg/L ferric chloride was effective in removing sulphides, phosphates, TSS and BOD. Ferric chloride can provide cost-effective treatment in WWTPs to reduce foul odour emissions.

    Get Price
  • Optimized Use of Ferric Chloride and Sesbania Seed Gum ...

    Iron 3 chloride which is also called ferric chloride. It is a high efficient, low energy consumption, low cost and non-toxic watertreatment chemical used in municipal sewage treatment, domestic sewage treatment and industrial sewage treatment. Ferric chloride is with wide range of applicable PH value of water, as range from 4-12.

    Get Price
  • Ferric chloride Suppliers - 3R Environmental Technology Co ...

    2021-1-28 · The current study investigated the efficiency of poly ferric chloride (PFC) and poly titanium tetrachloride (PTC) in coagulation-flocculation process for treatment of paper and cardboard wastewater. The effect of pH (5–11), coagulant concentrations (100–1000 mg/L), mixing rate (10–60 rpm), mixing time (5–25 min), and settling time (5–30 min) were examined.

    Get Price
  • Comparison of poly ferric chloride and poly titanium ...

    Treatment system is based on sand bed filters. For coagulation of unwanted materials present in the water, Alum is being used with Anionic Polymer (Accofloc-A2125) as flocculent. But the ferric chloride is not only functions as a reactants to remove water impurities but it also functions as a both coagulant and a Flocculent.

    Get Price
  • Superiority of ferric chloride as coagulant over alum and ...

    2003-1-1 · Polyaluminium ferric chloride (PAFC), a new type of inorganic composite coagulant, was prepared by using the waste from the Mineral Bureau of Yanzhou, China, hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate as raw materials. The relationship between the stability of ferric ion and the ionic strength of solution was investigated.

    Get Price
  • Evaluation of polyaluminium ferric chloride (PAFC) as a ...

    2020-4-1 · Chemical coagulation is done using Alum and Ferric chloride coagulants at different pH (4–12) with dosages of 1–8 g m. The contact periods of 15, 30 and 60 min were chosen. The samples are analyzed as per the standard procedures recommended by American Public Health Association (APHA), 2005 [ 22 ] in order to find out the reduction in the ...

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  • A comparative study of the efficiency of chemical ...

    Arsenic removal by coagulation using ferric chloride and chitosan from water ... Iran, ABSTRACT and Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, IUMS, Isfahan, Iran Aims: In this study, the effect of arsenite and arsenate removal in synthetic water by coagulation using ferric chloride (FeCl3) as coagulant and chitosan as ...

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  • (PDF) Arsenic removal by coagulation using ferric chloride ...

    Poly-Aluminium Chloride (PAC) The Water Treatment. Poly-aluminium chloride (PAC) based coagulant. Accepta PAC is used for the treatment of wastewater and industrial effluent, drinking water, swimming pool water, the treatment of sewage and industrial effluents. It is also used extensively in the pulp and paper processing industry.

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  • A Comparison Of Aluminum And Iron-based Coagulants For ...

    2020-10-13 · pH and coagulant dose were developed and evaluated. Ferric chloride and ACH were observed to obtain the highest DOC (85% and 70%, respectively) and color (98% and 97%, respectively) removals at the lowest dose concentrations (120 mg/L and 100 mg/L, respectively). Ferric sulfate was effective at DOC removal but required a higher

    Get Price
  • Ferric chloride Suppliers - 3R Environmental Technology

    Iron 3 chloride which is also called ferric chloride. It is a high efficient, low energy consumption, low cost and non-toxic watertreatment chemical used in municipal sewage treatment, domestic sewage treatment and industrial sewage treatment. Ferric chloride is with wide range of applicable PH value of water, as range from 4-12.

    Get Price
  • Optimized Use of Ferric Chloride and Sesbania Seed Gum ...

    This paper concerns the environmental impact of ferric chloride, the most commonly used etchant in PCM, and is believed to be the first quantitative analysis for the PCM industry. The findings showed that more than half of the PCM companies used regeneration of ferric chloride etchant and 76.3% of companies were prepared to use a more ...

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  • Increasing utilisation efficiency of ferric chloride ...

    Treatment system is based on sand bed filters. For coagulation of unwanted materials present in the water, Alum is being used with Anionic Polymer (Accofloc-A2125) as flocculent. But the ferric chloride is not only functions as a reactants to remove water impurities but it also functions as a both coagulant and a Flocculent.

    Get Price
  • Superiority of ferric chloride as coagulant over alum and ...

    2005-7-8 · This is a two-part work on the chemistry of iron(III) as coagulant in the treatment of cork processing wastewater. The main aim of the first part was to determine the removal of organic matter as measured by reductions in chemical oxygen demand (COD), polyphenols (P), and aromatic compounds (A) that can be obtained using this physicochemical process. To this end, …

    Get Price
  • Evaluation of Ferric Chloride as a Coagulant for Cork ...

    Bench-scale jar testing was conducted to compare the cost and performance of three hydrolyzing and two prehydrolyzed coagulants for treatment of an organic-laden (> 8 mg L total organic carbon) surface water slough.Coagulant dose and pH were varied between 80 and 240 mg L and 4 and 8 pH units, respectively. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal performance data were …

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  • Comparing Hydrolyzing to Prehydrolyzed Coagulants for ...

    Accordingly, both ferric chloride and MP could be used to improve ferric chloride sludge filterability. Comparing both coagulants, ferric chloride had a slightly better performance. MP could be considered as the suitable coagulant, taking into account chemical cost, quality of sludge and sludge volume that should be handled.

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  • Effects of Moringa Peregrina and Ferric Chloride (FeCl₃ ...

    2007-1-1 · Ferric chloride was superior to other metals salts at 800 mg/l and at pH 4, with over 94% removal. The effect of coagulant dosages on colour removal had similar trend to COD, turbidity and suspended solid reduction, which confirmed that colour was mainly produced by organic matter.

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  • Influence on ferric chloride aqueous solution caused by ...

    ferric salt coagulant has the advantages of no biological toxicity, higher coagulation and settlement rate, better dewatering of sludge and shorter water treatment time.3 However, in the prac-tical application of ferric salt coagulant, there are still many disadvantages such as the high dosage required, high cost and secondary environmental ...

    Get Price
  • Improve Coagulation Process To Control The Disinfection By ...

    2017-1-22 · (14-50%) for alum, and (21-59%) for ferric chloride. Ferric chloride was therefore considered the better chemical for enhancing the coagulation process.Fair removals of turbidity were observed (86%) for ferric chloride, (78%) for alum, and 65% for ferric sulfate. Mean TOC removal using alum was determined to be 61% and much more than

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  • Ferric Chloride Chemical - Ferric Chloride Anhydrous ...

    Ferric Chloride Chemical. We are engaged in processing, supplying and exporting vast range of Ferric Chloride Chemical. The product line is applicable in commercial and non-commercial industries and mainly known for longer shelf life, balanced pH balance, environmental friendly and accurate composition.

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  • pure polyacrylamide coagulant for industrial wastewater ...

    Polyacrylamide and its co-polymers are used as flocculants or coagulants in industrial wastewater treatment .Homo-polymer is used in this application and can be

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  • Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal ...

    Nitrate removal from water using alum and ferric chloride: A comparative study of alum and ferric chloride efficiency Ali Ahmad Aghapour1, Sepideh Nemati 2, Amir Mohammadi *, Heshmatollah Nourmoradi3, Sima Karimzadeh2 1Assistant Professor of Environmental Health Engineering, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Urmia ...

    Get Price
  • Treatment of Textile Wastewater by Inorganic Coagulants ...

    The results showed that ferric chloride coagulant for removal of TSS, COD and color compared to alum has higher efficiency, so that maximum removal of COD, and color by alum 36, 19 and 68.8% respectively, while this amount by ferric chloride is 72, 60 and 98%, respectively.

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  • Arsenic removal by coagulation using ferric chloride and ...

    Aims: In this study, the effect of arsenite and arsenate removal in synthetic water by coagulation using ferric chloride (FeCl 3) as coagulant and chitosan as coagulant aid were investigated. b>Materials and Methods: A conventional jar test apparatus was used to evaluate the coagulation process. The effects of different conditions of pH (5.5-9), coagulant doses of FeCl 3 0-60 mg/l), …

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  • Evaluation of polyaluminium ferric chloride (PAFC) as a ...

    2003-1-1 · Polyaluminium ferric chloride (PAFC), a new type of inorganic composite coagulant, was prepared by using the waste from the Mineral Bureau of Yanzhou, China, hydrochloric acid and calcium carbonate as raw materials. The relationship between the stability of ferric ion and the ionic strength of solution was investigated.

    Get Price
  • Enhanced coagulation for high alkalinity and micro ...

    Conventional coagulation is not an effective treatment option to remove natural organic matter (NOM) in water with high alkalinity/pH. For this type of water, enhanced coagulation is currently proposed as one of the available treatment options and is implemented by acidifying the raw water and applying increased doses of hydrolyzing coagulants.

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  • Effects of three additives on the removal of ...

    2016-3-31 · Widely used coagulants of ferric chloride (FeCl 3) and aluminum sulfate (Al 2 (SO 4) 3) were used for all experiments, and effects of three additives, namely, powdered activated carbon (PAC), gelatin, and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) on PFOS separation by coagulation were investigated.

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