Just fill in the form below, click submit, you will get the price list, and we will contact you within one working day. Please also feel free to contact us via email or phone. (* is required).

design of anionic polyacrylamide ewg

  • Anionic polyacrylamide - wastewater treatment

    2018-10-30 · Polyacrylamide. SERIES. FORM. MOLECULAR WEIGHT. PRODUCT EXAMPLE. FLOPAM. POWDER. ULTRA HIGH. AN 934 VHM AN 923 VHMU.

    Get Price
  • ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE – SNF FLOERGER©

    2020-10-13 · THE USE OF AN ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE BLEND TO CONTROL THE CYANOBACTERIA MICROCYSTIS AERUGINOSA By Kyla Jayne Iwinski Microcystis aeruginosa is a widespread, toxin producing cyanobacterium that causes negative ecological, economical, and human health impacts. The use of polyacrylamides (PAM) as an algal control is gaining notice and attention.

    Get Price
  • THE USE OF AN ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE BLEND TO

    9.1 Processes for the Manufacture of Polyacrylamide Design Bases and Assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 9.2 Polyacrylamide with Medium Mol Wt by a Solution Process s Major Process Equipment and Utilities Summary . . . . . . . 151 9.3 Polyacrylamide with Medium Mol Wt by a Solution Process Stream Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152

    Get Price
  • ACRYLAMIDE AND POLYACRYLAMIDE - Markit

    2011-7-30 · Various anionic polyacrylamide polymers (PAMs) are frequently used to improve soil properties and reduce erosion. However, the effects of their application on plant growth remain unclear. Aggregate-free loess with high water holding capacity was used as growing substrate to test the effects of two rates (10 and 40 kg ha−1) of a linear PAM on the growth of maize (Zea maize L.) for a period up …

    Get Price
  • Effects of anionic polyacrylamide on maize growth: a

    2020-7-5 · Anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) is a hydrophilic polymer which is easy to be carbonized (Choi et al., 2004). The amide group (−CONH 3 ) on APAM can form hydrogen bond with the uncondensed amine groups on surface of g-C 3 N 4 ( Schwinghammer et al., 2014 ).

    Get Price
  • Anionic polyacrylamide-assisted construction of thin

    2008-8-25 · Polyacrylamide, also called PAM, is a flocculating agent that binds suspended particles together. PAM causes loose sediment to remain in the soil rather than separate into the solution (Entry et al. 2002, Seybold 1994). PAM has been shown to reduce soil loss in creeks and

    Get Price
  • Tests of Water and Oil-Based Anionic Polyacrylamide ...

    2017-3-8 · By addition of a salt to the eluent, the large increase was observed for the elution volume of the partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide. This feature was applied to the detection and the separation of the anionic polymers in the technical products of polyacrylamide.

    Get Price
  • DETECTION OF ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE BY GPC |

    2021-7-13 · Common anionic 71 PAMs are usually produced by copolymerization of acrylamide and acrylic acid or one of its salts (see 72 Fig.1). Their molecular weights vary between 3.106 and 2.107 Da. The most polyvalent anionic PAM 73 contains around 30% of acrylate (in mol).

    Get Price
  • Transfer and degradation of polyacrylamide based ...

    2021-3-12 · Polyacrylamide adsorption from very dilute solutions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 1986, 110 (1) , 243-251. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9797(86)90373-5; Samir G. Gharfeh, Ahmad Moradi-Araghi. Determination of anionic high-molecular-weight water-soluble polymers by size-exclusion chromatography.

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide Handbook - SNF Holding Company

    2016-8-19 · Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook 1 Introduction Oil Stabilizers Inverters Polymer Hydrogel Particle Oil ... Anionic. 2 Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook Storage and handling 4. Storage and handling of ... Design of the make-up system is critical and must be made in such a

    Get Price
  • Factorial design applied to flux decline of anionic ...

    2011-7-1 · Research Highlights A factorial design to screen the significant factors that influenced flux decline. Factorial design could be a powerful tool to identify the optimal UF process conditions. The results show importance order of factors in APAM UF process: TMP > C > pH > C × pH. Under the optimal condition, J/J 0 (24.9%) was obtained for this UF process after 30 min.

    Get Price
  • Effects of anionic polyacrylamide on maize growth: a

    2011-7-30 · Various anionic polyacrylamide polymers (PAMs) are frequently used to improve soil properties and reduce erosion. However, the effects of their application on plant growth remain unclear. Aggregate-free loess with high water holding capacity was used as growing substrate to test the effects of two rates (10 and 40 kg ha−1) of a linear PAM on the growth of maize (Zea maize L.) for a period up ...

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide (PAM) - Michigan

    2017-7-21 · Polyacrylamide Mulch . Design Specifications PAM may be applied in dissolved form with water, or it may be applied in dry, granular, or powered form. The preferred application method is the dissolved form. PAM is to be applied at a maximum rate of ½ pound PAM per 1000 gallons water per 1 acre of bare soil.

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide – SNF FLOERGER©

    2018-10-30 · Polyacrylamide. SERIES FORM MOLECULAR WEIGHT PRODUCT EXAMPLE FLOPAM POWDER ULTRA HIGH FO 4490 VHM FLOPAM POWDER VERY HIGH FO 4440 SSH FLOPAM POWDER HIGH FO 4550 SH SHU FLOPAM POWDER…. Continue Reading.

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide nonionic water-soluble polymer | 9003

    Polyacrylamide nonionic water-soluble polymer; CAS Number: 9003-05-8; Linear Formula: (C3H5NO)n; find Sigma-Aldrich-92560 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products & more at Sigma-Aldrich

    Get Price
  • Effects of metal ions on the physico-chemical ...

    2013-12-9 · Hostaphat KL 340 D is a flexible emulsifier for challenging formulations that demand stability as well as a pleasant skin feel. This very efficient, pre-neutralized, anionic o/w emulsifier allows the design of emulsions with all types of oils and UV filters.

    Get Price
  • ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE – SNF FLOERGER©

    2018-10-30 · series form molecular weight product example; flopam: powder: ultra high: an 934 vhm an 923 vhmu: flopam: powder: very high: an 934 sh & shu sd & shd pwg & sep

    Get Price
  • Factorial design applied to flux decline of anionic ...

    2011-7-1 · Research Highlights A factorial design to screen the significant factors that influenced flux decline. Factorial design could be a powerful tool to identify the optimal UF process conditions. The results show importance order of factors in APAM UF process: TMP > C > pH > C × pH. Under the optimal condition, J/J 0 (24.9%) was obtained for this UF process after 30 min.

    Get Price
  • THE USE OF AN ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE BLEND TO

    2020-10-13 · i ABSTRACT THE USE OF AN ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE BLEND TO CONTROL THE CYANOBACTERIA MICROCYSTIS AERUGINOSA By Kyla Jayne Iwinski Microcystis aeruginosa is a widespread, toxin producing cyanobacterium that causes …

    Get Price
  • The impact of anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) on ...

    2017-2-16 · With the purpose of improving the ultrafiltration (UF) efficiency, anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) has been used as a coagulant aid in the flocculation-UF process. In this study, the impact of APAM on UF efficiency has been investigated with regard to …

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide (PAM) - Michigan

    2017-7-21 · Polyacrylamide Mulch . Design Specifications PAM may be applied in dissolved form with water, or it may be applied in dry, granular, or powered form. The preferred application method is the dissolved form. PAM is to be applied at a maximum rate of ½ pound PAM per 1000 gallons water per 1 acre of bare soil.

    Get Price
  • Optimization of Phosphate and Anionic

    2015-10-16 · This study was conducted to determine the optimum conditions of phosphate (P 2 O 5) and the anionic polyacrylamide flocculant (APF) that could result in best cane juice clarification.Two sugar cane varieties (B52298 and NCO334) were used. The P 2 O 5 for both varieties was at 158.6, 200, 300, 400 and 441.4 (mg/L) and APF were used at 0.59, 1, 2, 3 and 3.41 ppm and 0.17, 1, 3, 5 and 5.83 for ...

    Get Price
  • POLYACRYLAMIDE EFFECT ON SEDIMENT YIELD,

    2003-1-31 · Of the polymers currently being studied, anionic polyacrylamide has been found to be the most effective in controlling seal formation (Shainberg and Levy, 1994). Wallace and Wallace (1986b) concluded that the most favorable results for seedling emergence and water infiltration came from an anionic …

    Get Price
  • ACRYLAMIDE AND POLYACRYLAMIDE - Markit

    Report No. 99 ACRYLAMIDE AND POLYACRYLAMIDE by YEN-CHEN YEN e June 1976 a A private report by the PROCESS ECONOMICS PROGRAM l STANFORD RESEARCH INSTITUTE

    Get Price
  • Transfer and degradation of polyacrylamide based ...

    2021-7-13 · 1 Title: Transfer and degradation of polyacrylamide based flocculants in hydrosystems: a review 2 3 Authors: A. G. Guezennec1, C. Michel1, K.Bru1, S. Touze1, N. Desroche2, I. Mnif3, M. Motelica-Heino4 4 1 BRGM 5 2 Nexidia SAS, 15 Rue de Mayence 21000 DIJON France 36 Université de Nice 7 4 ISTO, UMR 7327 CNRS-Université d’Orléans, 1A rue de la Férollerie, 45071 Orléans cedex 2

    Get Price
  • THE USE OF AN ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE BLEND TO

    2020-10-13 · i ABSTRACT THE USE OF AN ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE BLEND TO CONTROL THE CYANOBACTERIA MICROCYSTIS AERUGINOSA By Kyla Jayne Iwinski Microcystis aeruginosa is a widespread, toxin producing cyanobacterium that causes …

    Get Price
  • China Polyacrylamide Anionic Manufacturers and

    2021-7-9 · Getting started; Polyacrylamide Anionic; Polyacrylamide Anionic - China Factory, Suppliers, Manufacturers. Our business puts emphasis on the administration, the introduction of talented personnel, as well as the construction of team building, trying hard to further improve the standard and liability consciousness of staff members customers.

    Get Price
  • Safety Procedures for an Anionic Flocculant

    2019-11-29 · An anionic flocculant is typically as formulation which contains anionic polyacrylamide. The product is often sold as a solid block or in powder form. The chemical is naturally white in colour. There is a faint odour to the chemical which will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. Inhalation

    Get Price
  • ACRYLAMIDE AND POLYACRYLAMIDE - Markit

    Report No. 99 ACRYLAMIDE AND POLYACRYLAMIDE by YEN-CHEN YEN e June 1976 a A private report by the PROCESS ECONOMICS PROGRAM l STANFORD RESEARCH INSTITUTE

    Get Price
  • Optimization of Phosphate and Anionic

    2015-10-16 · This study was conducted to determine the optimum conditions of phosphate (P 2 O 5) and the anionic polyacrylamide flocculant (APF) that could result in best cane juice clarification.Two sugar cane varieties (B52298 and NCO334) were used. The P 2 O 5 for both varieties was at 158.6, 200, 300, 400 and 441.4 (mg/L) and APF were used at 0.59, 1, 2, 3 and 3.41 ppm and 0.17, 1, 3, 5 and 5.83 for ...

    Get Price
  • Water Treatment Chemical Nonionic Polyacrylamide

    Anionic polyacrylamide is mainly used in minerals selection, metallurgy, coal washing, food, steel, spinning and papermaking industry which involves separation of solid-liquid and waste water treatment. Anionic PAM can also be used for oil well and oil extraction in oil industry, and retention aids and intensifier in papermaking industry.

    Get Price
  • China Polyacrylamide manufacturer, Liquid Poly

    2018-10-17 · Polyacrylamide, Liquid Poly Aluminum Chloride, Ferrous Sulphate, Anionic Polyacrylamide. Company Introduction. ... set of core technology and R&D system has been generated from water quality analysis and pre-determination to the design of complex formula of water treatment agents, from experiment and research to field applications, and from ...

    Get Price
  • UV-Initiated Polymerization of Cationic

    2013-12-24 · 1. Introduction. In recent years, the mount of sewage treated by municipal wastewater treatment plant increases rapidly, resulting in a large amount of excess activated sludge generated, whose moisture content is up to 99.5%, and the sludge containing organic matter and noxious substances will harm the environment and must be handled properly []. ...

    Get Price
  • Hostaphat KL 340 D - Clariant Ltd.

    2019-4-28 · Xuesong Yi、Wenxin Shi、Shuili Yu、Xuhui Li、Nan Sun、Can He, Factorial design applied to flux decline of anionic polyacrylamide removal from water by modified polyvinylidene fluoride ultrafiltration membranes.

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide - Catchments and Creeks

    2014-7-4 · 4. Only the anionic form of polyacrylamide PAM should be used. Design Information Polyacrylamide (PAM) may be applied in dissolved form with water (preferred), or applied as a dry, granular or powder. PAMs are high soluble, but dissolve very slowly, thus dry granular PAM should be dissolved in clean water several hours before usage, or overnight.

    Get Price
  • The impact of anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) on ...

    2017-2-16 · With the purpose of improving the ultrafiltration (UF) efficiency, anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) has been used as a coagulant aid in the flocculation-UF process. In this study, the impact of APAM on UF efficiency has been investigated with regard to …

    Get Price
  • 5.7 Polyacrylamide PAM - Hamilton County, Tennessee

    2013-8-8 · 5.7 Polyacrylamide (PAM) Page 1 of 2 PAM Polyacrylalide Description Chemical stabilization for erosion control on construction sites may involves a water-soluble anionic polyacrylamide product referred to as PAM. It is used to minimize soil erosion caused by water and wind. PAM is ypically appliet d with temporary seeding

    Get Price
  • The Micromorphology of Anionic Polyacrylamide

    Anionic polyacrylamide dispersions were prepared by dispersion polymerization in aqueous salt solutions. The effects of reaction conditions, such as salt concentration, molecular weight of stabilizers, on the micromorphology of the dispersions were investigated systematically by using biological photomicroscope. The results showed that the particle shape in stable dispersions were more regular ...

    Get Price
  • Optimization of Phosphate and Anionic

    2015-10-16 · This study was conducted to determine the optimum conditions of phosphate (P 2 O 5) and the anionic polyacrylamide flocculant (APF) that could result in best cane juice clarification.Two sugar cane varieties (B52298 and NCO334) were used. The P 2 O 5 for both varieties was at 158.6, 200, 300, 400 and 441.4 (mg/L) and APF were used at 0.59, 1, 2, 3 and 3.41 ppm and 0.17, 1, 3, 5 and 5.83 for ...

    Get Price
  • INFLUENCE OF POLYMER CHARGE TYPE AND DENSITY

    2010-11-20 · (4 gpm) for the balance of the irrigation. The nature of charge on the polyacrylamide did influence efficacy of erosion control. On Portneuf soils, the order of effectiveness with respect to PAM charge type was: anionic > neutral > cationic. Within anionic and cationic charge types, polyacrylamide efficacy increased with increasing charge density.

    Get Price
  • Evaluation of the Gel Profile Control Agent

    Evaluation of the Gel Profile Control Agent Polyacrylamide in Enhanced Oil Recovery. Based on the system of anionic delayed cross-link polymer gel type deep profile control agent, experiments are conducted to evaluate the performance of long-term thermal stability, shearing resistance, and compatibility with natural debris of profile control ...

    Get Price
  • Cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (PAMs):

    2018-5-18 · Cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (PAMs) are used for sludge dewatering in municipal waste water treatment and might enter the environment by spreading of the sludge on agricultural land. Concern has been expressed since little is known about the degradation of PAMs in soils. To obtain detailed information on the polymer’s fate in the soil compartment, the degradation of 14C …

    Get Price
  • Anionic Surfactant SAFETY DATA SHEET Additive

    2017-8-16 · 1925 Anionic Surfactant Additive Revision Date: 27-Jun-2017 Inhalation None known. Delayed and immediate effects as well as chronic effects from short and long-term exposure Sensitization Product is not identified as a sensitizer according to OSHA regulations. Mutagenic effects Product is not identified as a mutagen according to OSHA regulations.

    Get Price
  • Polyacrylamide Market Size Worth $6.8 Billion by 2025 ...

    The global polyacrylamide market size is expected to reach USD 6.8 billion by 2025, expanding at a CAGR of 6.2% over the forecast period, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. Increasing penetration of the product in water purification activities as a flocculating agent is expected to propel the demand for polyacrylamide

    Get Price
  • PREPARATION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF ANIONIC

    In the present study, DR was conjugated with anionic polyacrylamide (A-PAM) by a condensation reaction. Handsheets were prepared from a pulp suspension by adding the obtained polymer (DR-A-PAM) as a paper strength agent, and its additive retention and paper strengthening performance were investigated. Retention of DR-A-PAM was

    Get Price
  • Attachment G: Requirements For The Use of Passive ...

    2020-11-30 · Canada Anionic Polyacrylamide Application Guide for Urban Construction in Ontario. PRELIMINARY STAFF DRAFT ATTACHMENT G 20XX-XXXX-DWQ 5 iii. The design details and drawings for maintenance and removal procedures for the products applied on-site; iv. Contact information (name, position, email, phone number) of the QSD

    Get Price
  • DETECTION OF ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE BY

    2017-3-8 · DETECTION OF ANIONIC POLYACRYLAMIDE BY GPC Furusawa Kunio 1, Onda Nobuhiko 2, Yamaguchi Noriko 3. 1 The University of Tsukuba, Department of Chemistry 2 Tokyo University of Fisheries 3 ... Molecular Design of Polymer-based Carriers for Plasmid DNA Delivery In Vitro and In Vivo.

    Get Price
  • ARTFLOC 845 SH | CHIMI ART

    ARTFLOC 845 SH is a Medium charge Anionic Polyacrylamide supplied as a powder, and has a very high molecular weight.. Product Application. ARTFLOC 845 SH can be used as a filtration reagent for mineral concentrates or flotation tailings for most mineral processes.. ARTFLOC 845 SH can be used as a flocculant with inorganic coagulants for the wastewater treatment.

    Get Price
  • Optimization of Phosphate and Anionic

    This study was conducted to determine the optimum conditions of phosphate (P₂O₅) and the anionic polyacrylamide flocculant (APF) that could result in best cane juice clarification. Two sugar cane varieties (B52298 and NCO334) were used.

    Get Price
  • Development of Best Management Practices for Turbidity ...

    2018-8-9 · 2.1 Polyacrylamide Types and Preparation Twelve commercially available types of polyacrylamide (PAM) were selected for testing (Table 2.1), spanning ranges of molecular weight (0.1-28 Mg/mol) and charge density (0-100% molar charge). Five anionic PAM types were the focus of the research, although six cationic

    Get Price
  • Reduced adsorption of polyacrylamide‐based fracturing ...

    of polyacrylamide (PAM) polymer which is usually anionic, nonionic, or cationic.18,19 A large amount of slick-water is injected into the shale reservoir for more network fractures. It leads to a large volume of PAM remaining in the shale res-ervoirs after hydraulic fracturing. Classically, only 5%-55%

    Get Price
  • Design and optimization of production parameters

    In this paper, the effect of residence time, stirring speed, feeding rate, supersaturation level and the polyelectrolytes such as anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) and non-ionic polyacrylamide (NPAM) on the CLD as well as the shape of boric acid crystals were investigated by using the FBRM G600 and the PVM V819 probes respectively in an MSMPR ...

    Get Price
  • Chemistry – A European Journal: Vol 16, No 48 -

    2010-12-27 · Air and water welcome—ligands need not apply! A simple and efficient new synthesis of variously functionalized and substituted indoles was achieved by the addition and copper-catalyzed coupling of N-formyl-o-haloanilines with acetylenic sulfones, esters and ketones (see scheme; EWG=electron-withdrawing group).The reaction employs copper(II) acetate under ligand-free …

    Get Price
  • organic chemistry - Nucleophilic aromatic

    2021-6-5 · This is a general effect meaning that an EWG para to the leaving group is more reactive than ortho. See 4-halopyridines vs 2-halo and 4-nitrobenznes vs 2-nitro. There could also be an effect from the repulsion between the nitrogen lone pairs and the approaching electron rich nucleophile, which would be greater in proximity to 2 nitrogens rather ...

    Get Price
  • Design and optimization of production parameters for

    In this paper, the effect of residence time, stirring speed, feeding rate, supersaturation level and the polyelectrolytes such as anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) and non-ionic polyacrylamide (NPAM) on the CLD as well as the shape of boric acid crystals were investigated by using the FBRM G600 and the PVM V819 probes respectively in an MSMPR ...

    Get Price
  • The Usage and Notice of Pam Flocculant For Coal

    2020-3-5 · Usage and dosage of polyacrylamide for coal washing plant: 12-18 million of anionic polyacrylamide, 14 million of non-ionic, 10-ion and 30-ion plating were used. Coal washing plant with polyacrylamide, also known as special agent for coal washing, settling agent. The molecular weight ranges from 8 million to 18 million. In order to make slime water… Read more

    Get Price
  • Efficient, pre-neutralized, anionic o/w emulsifier

    2013-12-9 · Hostaphat KL 340 D is a flexible emulsifier for challenging formulations that demand stability as well as a pleasant skin feel. This very efficient, pre-neutralized, anionic o/w emulsifier allows the design of emulsions with all types of oils and UV filters. Also very well suitable for low viscosity formats and textures like sprays, lotions and milks.

    Get Price
  • Polymers : Telomer Urethane, Telomer Acrylate

    2012-11-21 · Study Design • 3 dose groups: telomer urethane polymer product, surfactant, and control • Animals dosed with equivalent of high dose in 90 day study • Sacrifice and evaluate nasal tissue at 2, 4 and 13 weeks as needed • Follow with 3 dose level study with either surfactant or polymer Study started: 11/01/02 Polymer : Telomer Urethane

    Get Price
  • Mechanistic details of the cobalt-mediated

    Henan Runquan Purification Material Co., Ltd has one chemical polyacrylamide production line with the annual output of 10000 tons; Two front hydrolysis polyacrylamide production lines with the annual output of 3000 tons of anionic, 1000 tons of cationic and 500 tons of nonionic separately; it also has a polyaluminium chloride oil furnace drying ...

    Get Price
  • Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of 2

    For the anionic (a) mechanism it is the C–C coupling (Δ C–H (a) = 29.5 kcal mol −1). In other words, at the B3LYP-D3BJ/BS1 level of theory, the anionic mechanism of the Co-mediated dimerization of AQ-directed benzamides requires around 3.3 kcal mol −1 smaller energy than the charge neutral pathway.

    Get Price
  • HYPERVALENT IODINE REAGENTS FOR TOSYL TRANSFER

    2017-10-3 · Polyfunctional compounds comprise a novel class of therapeutic agents for the treatment of multi-factorial diseases. A series of 2-Phenyl-4H-chromen-4-one and its derivatives (5a–n) were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their poly-functionality against acetylcholinestrase (AChE) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) formation inhibitors against Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

    Get Price
  • All-in-one: a new approach toward robust and

    2016-5-18 · EWG – Electron Withdrawing Group THF – Tetrahydrofuran DCM – Dichloromethane or Methylene Chloride DMSO – Dimethyl Sulfoxide NMR – Nuclear Magnetic Resonance TMS – Tetramethylsilane DBU – 1,8-Diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene ABX – 1-Acetoxy-1,2-benziodoxle-3(1H)-one TFE – 2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol

    Get Price
  • Thin-Film Electronics ‒ PV-LAB ‐ EPFL

    For example, by adding electron withdrawing group (EWG) or electron donating group (EDG) to the ligand, the original LUMO can be stabilized or destabilized to alter its energy level and consequently the bandgap of the resulting hybrid compounds. 74 Therefore, the bandgap of the AIO compounds, which share exactly the same 1D-μ 2-Cu 4 I 6 2− ...

    Get Price