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study on optimal conditions of high purity poly ferric chloride features

  • Study on optimal conditions of poly ferric chloride

    2021-1-1 · Based on Table 3, at PFC conditions, it can be seen that the pH from 7.6 to 10.4 requires less amount of NaOH (approximately 9 ml of 1 N NaOH per 1 L of sample water) to balance than in optimal conditions of PAC flocculation. The amount of NaOH used increases the pH …

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  • Preparation and coagulation efficiency of

    2011-7-1 · The optimum coagulation pH range of PAFSiC 2.0/5 was 5.0–9.0, slightly wider than that of PAC (6.0–8.0). The process can be easily incorporated into high-purity graphite production plants, thereby reducing wastewater pollution and producing a valuable coagulant.

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  • Synthesis, purification and characterization of ...

    2015-5-26 · Considering the purity and yield of extracted (Al + Fe) b species in PAFC samples, the optimal separation conditions were as follows: organic solvents mixing ratio = 2:1:7 and the middle organic solvents dosage V 2 = 100 mL (V 1 = V 3 = 50 mL). 4.3. Characteristics of PAFC and (Al + Fe) b

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  • Comparison of poly ferric chloride and poly titanium ...

    2021-1-28 · In their study, Galloux et al. pointed out that PTC is more efficient than ferric chloride, which is comparable to the results obtained from the current study (Galloux et al. 2015). Residual pH For PTC in optimum dosage (600 mg/L), the solution pH was reduced from 7 to 6.61, and for PFC in optimum dosage (800 mg/L), pH was reduced from 9 to 7.12 after the coagulation-flocculation process.

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  • Simultaneous presence of poly titanium chloride and

    2020-8-1 · As In the optimal coagulant dosage, As(V) removal efficiency by PTC coagulant was 93.46 % and in simultaneous presence of coagulant-nanocomposite (PTC + Fe 2 O 3-Mn 2 O 3), As(V) removal efficiency increased to 99.96 % in optimal conditions and the amount of residual As(V) (Fig. 4b) was less than 0.1 μg/L. which was below As limits for drinking water in accordance with the WHO guideline (10 μg/L) . However, in the absence of nanocomposite, the residual As(V) in optimal conditions …

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  • Preparation and performance of a high purity poly

    2010-1-1 · The results demonstrate that for the whole dose range studied, high-purity PACls removed more turbidity than conventional PACl. On the other hand, when the dose was greater than 4 mg L −1 as Al, the high-purity PACl showed great UV 254-absorbance removal capacity; which was even much greater at high does (e.g., 10 mg L −1). This could be partly attributed to the charge effect where a relative high zeta potential in the test water was achieved by dosing high-purity …

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  • Evaluation of optimum conditions for pachyman

    2016-9-23 · This study aimed to optimize the preparation conditions of pachyman (PHY)-loaded poly(d,l-lactic acid) (PLA) (PHYP) nanospheres by response surface methodology, explore their characteristics, and assess their effects on splenic lymphocytes.Double emulsion solvent evaporation was used to synthesize PHYP nanospheres, and the optimal preparation conditions were identified as a …

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  • Appraisal and ranking of poly-aluminium chloride,

    2020-8-1 · The aims of this study were to (1) assess the effectiveness of three chemical coagulants – poly-aluminium chloride (PACl), ferric chloride (FeCl 3) and alum – in improving effluent quality, and (2) assess the properties of the sludge that is generated as by …

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  • Kinetics study on hydrothermal dechlorination of poly ...

    Besides, the hydrogen chloride (HCl) was released from PVC during pyrolysis and gasification, causing high-temperature corrosion to the equipment and also lowering the products quality (Sadat-Shojai and Bakhshandeh, 2011, Santini et al., 2012). As such, the high-efficient removal of chlorine was the prerequisite and necessary for harmless ...

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  • Pretreatment for seawater desalination by flocculation ...

    2011-12-1 · Research Highlights The aim is to assess a new flocculent of modified poly ferric silicate (PFSi-δ) performance for seawater desalination. The PFSi-δ performance was compared with FeCl 3 performance. PFSi-δ was better than FeCl 3 in turbidity, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), particularly for hydrophilic organic carbon removal. DOC removal by PFSi-δ at 1.2 mg Fe 3+ /L was 68%, and higher ...

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  • High Purity Pafc Polyaluminum Ferric Chloride Of ...

    High Purity Pafc Polyaluminum Ferric Chloride Of Industrial Level , Find Complete Details about High Purity Pafc Polyaluminum Ferric Chloride Of Industrial Level,Polyaluminum Ferric Chloride,Pafc,Chemical Industries from Chloride Supplier or Manufacturer-Gongyi Jiahe Water Purification Material Co., Ltd.

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  • High Purity Ferric Chloride 38% | Taiwantrade.com

    Detailed info about High Purity Ferric Chloride 38%. Contact Taiwan Other Inorganic Chemicals supplier-JONG MAW CHEMICAL CO., LTD. for ferric chloride, chemical, high purity, high purity ferric chloride, drinking water treatment, fecl3, water treatment on Taiwantrade.

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  • Economic High Purity Poly Aluminium Ferric Chloride

    Economic High Purity Poly Aluminium Ferric Chloride (pafc) As Water Treatment Chemicals , Find Complete Details about Economic High Purity Poly Aluminium Ferric Chloride (pafc) As Water Treatment Chemicals,Water Treatment Chemicals,Poly Aluminium Ferric Chloride (pafc) Water Treatment Chemicals,Poly Aluminium Ferric Chloride (pafc) from Water Treatment Chemicals Supplier or …

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  • Preparation and coagulation efficiency of

    2011-7-1 · Journal of Environmental Sciences 2011, 23(7) 1122–1128 Preparation and coagulation efficiency of polyaluminium ferric silicate chloride composite coagulant from wastewater of high-purity graphite production Xiaoxia Niu ∗ , Xili Li, Jihong Zhao, Yigang Ren, Yanqin Yang Henan Provincial Key Laboratory of Surface and Interface Science, School of Materials and Chemical Engineering ...

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  • Ferric Chloride 38% High Purity For Drinking Water ...

    Ferric Chloride 38% High Purity For Drinking Water Treatment And Agricultural Land Use , Find Complete Details about Ferric Chloride 38% High Purity For Drinking Water Treatment And Agricultural Land Use,Ferric Chloride,Ferric Chloride 38% For Drinking Water Treatment,Ferric Chloride 38% High Purity from Chloride Supplier or Manufacturer-Shandong Jiulong Qingjiang Water Purification Technology ...

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  • high purity and press filter poly aluminum chloride

    2021-2-1 · 1. Properties PAC(high purity) is white powder s a high quality poly-aluminum chloride produces by our company. 2. Product Features it is high purity and safety uses filtration process by press filter.the residue is separated with liquid.No water insoluble no …

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  • High Purity Polyaluminium Chloride Factory, Custom

    Looking for high purity polyaluminium chloride factory direct sale? You can buy factory price high purity polyaluminium chloride from a great list of reliable China high purity polyaluminium chloride manufacturers, suppliers, traders or plants verified by a third-party inspector. Source with confidence.

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  • High-purity Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC) | tradekorea

    tradeKorea is a online B2B trade website offers you matching services to connect buyers and suppliers. Establish reliable relationship between buyers and suppliers through our matching services and find new business opportunities through various online exhibitions.

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  • Synthesis, purification and characterization of ...

    2015-5-26 · Taking blast furnace dust and aluminum dross as raw material, PAFC with high (Al + Fe) b content was prepared via optimizing Al/Fe molar ratio and basicity condition in this study. Separation, purification and characterization of (Al + Fe) b were further investigated. The results showed that the (Al + Fe) b content in PAFC peaked at 36.67% with Al/Fe = 7:3 and basicity(B)=1.8.

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  • High-purity Poly Aluminum Chloride (Pac)--Others

    High-purity Poly Aluminum Chloride PAC. It&rsquos a type of new and high-efficient inorganic high-molecular compound. This product used pure raw material (Aluminum hydroxide, synthesis muriatic acidity or high wholesomeness muriatic acidity) and Created using advanced technology, has good flocculation ability.

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  • ISSN: 0975-766X CODEN: IJPTFI Available Online through ...

    2016-7-24 · The results showed that after using the poly aluminum chloride, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride and aluminum sulfate coagulants, in the turbidity of 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 NTU, the pH level have reduced in a way that by increasing each mg/l poly aluminum chloride, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride about 0.01 unit pH have reduced.

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  • High-poly-aluminum chloride sulfate coagulants and

    2020-2-18 · High-poly-aluminum chloride sulfate (HPACS) coagulants with different [SO 4 2−]/[Al 3+] molar ratio (S) were prepared and proved to have high coagulation efficiency for the removal of humic acid and strong stability for storage and application.The results showed that the higher the SO 4 2− addition, the bigger the aluminum polymerization particles and the more the polymerization Al c ...

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  • Simple synthesis of conducting poly(2-aminothiazole)

    2015-4-21 · Here we report a simple synthesis of conducting poly (2-aminothiazole) (P2AT) in nitromethane (CH 3 NO 2) using ferric chloride (FeCl 3) as an oxidant at a low amount (could be as low as 1 mol%, related to 2-aminothiazole). The effects of reaction temperature, reaction time, and FeCl 3 concentration on the yield of polymerization were ...

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  • Effect of solution pH on the performance of three ...

    Abstract The drawbacks, high energy consumption, rigorous preparation condition and high impurity contents, have been well-recognized in the preparation of widely-used polyaluminum chloride via conventional methods in industrial scale. In order to overcome the drawbacks, the fresh aluminum hydroxide gels were proposed to prepare the polyaluminum chloride (PACG) in this study. The optimal ...

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  • An alternative method for preparation of

    2020-7-16 · The features of the ferric particles that we designed promised the efficient extraction ... ferric particles can be heated to a high temperature by the ... Ferric chloride (purity > 97% ...

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  • Machine learning of serum metabolic patterns

    2006-5-3 · The physical properties of natural organic matter (NOM) flocs, such as size, growth rate, and strength, were investigated using a laser diffraction particle sizing device. Conditions were set such that varying carbon coagulant ratio and zeta potential could both be investigated. Results demonstrated a link between zeta potential and coagulation and flocculation performance, with the production ...

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  • The Impact of Zeta Potential on the Physical

    2018-10-17 · Chemicals. Poly-aluminum chloride (Al 2 (OH) n Cl 6−n.YH 2 O, Al 2 O 3 = 30%wt, basicity = 65% and pH = 3) was used as a coagulant and anionic (A 300), cationic (C 270) and nonionic polymers, as the coagulant aids were provided from AquaTech Company, Switzerland.. Preparation of solution. In order to prepare a 10 percent clear solution for coagulant, 10 g of PAC was dissolved to 100 mL of ...

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  • Optimization and economic evaluation of modified ...

    2021-6-16 · All the materials used in this research study have been of analytical grade and have been applied without further purification. Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP, M w = 1,300,000 g mol −1, 100% purity), hafnium (IV) chloride (HfCl 4, 98% purity), boric acid (H 3 BO 3, ≥ 99% purity), acetic acid (99.7% purity, AcOH), acetylacetone (99.3% purity, acac), and ethanol (EtOH, 99.5% purity) were all ...

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  • Effects of hafnium and boron on antibacterial and ...

    2007-5-18 · problem in aluminum chloride feed for direct reduction to the metal, and, therefore, the AIC13-TiC14 system was cho- sen for further study. A two-compartment glass apparatus was used to study the equilibrium composition of condensed aluminum chloride- titanium chloride at several temperatures and under various titanium chloride pressures.

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  • Effect of solution pH on the performance of three ...

    2020-7-16 · The features of the ferric particles that we designed promised the efficient extraction ... ferric particles can be heated to a high temperature by the ... Ferric chloride (purity > 97% ...

    Get Price
  • Machine learning of serum metabolic patterns

    2016-7-24 · The results showed that after using the poly aluminum chloride, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride and aluminum sulfate coagulants, in the turbidity of 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 NTU, the pH level have reduced in a way that by increasing each mg/l poly aluminum chloride, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride about 0.01 unit pH have reduced.

    Get Price
  • ISSN: 0975-766X CODEN: IJPTFI Available Online through ...

    Evaluation of optimum conditions for pachyman encapsulated in poly(D,L-lactic acid) nanospheres by response surface methodology and results of a related in vitro study Sisi Zheng, Li Luo, Ruonan Bo, Zhenguang Liu, Jie Xing, Yale Niu, Yuanliang Hu, Jiaguo Liu, Deyun Wang Institute of Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University ...

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  • Evaluation of optimum conditions for pachyman

    Abstract The drawbacks, high energy consumption, rigorous preparation condition and high impurity contents, have been well-recognized in the preparation of widely-used polyaluminum chloride via conventional methods in industrial scale. In order to overcome the drawbacks, the fresh aluminum hydroxide gels were proposed to prepare the polyaluminum chloride (PACG) in this study. The optimal ...

    Get Price
  • An alternative method for preparation of

    2016-7-28 · Boric acid is often added into coolant as neutron capture agent for pressurized water reactor, whose amount is influenced by its abundance and purity. Therefore, the preparation of enriched 10B boric acid with high purity is beneficial to nuclear industry. 10B is also used in developing tumor-specific boronated drugs in boron neutron capture therapy.

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  • Preparation and characterization of 10 B boric acid

    1999-3-1 · Aluminum Chlorohydrate: As water treatment plants strive to meet stricter standards, many are turning to aluminum chlorohydrate (ACH) to improve finished water quality, control costs and enhance efficiency. This specialized coagulant also can help reduce chemical solids and alkali usage while helping plant operations. Mar 1st, 1999.

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  • High-Purity Metals & Alloys - Sigma-Aldrich

    2019-8-9 · Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC)/SiO2 nanocomposite hollow-fiber membranes with different nano-SiO2 particle loadings (0–5 wt %) were fabricated using the dry-jet wet-spinning technique. Effects of SiO2 nanoparticles on the morphology of the prepared hollow-fiber membranes were investigated using scanning electron microscopy. Transport and antifouling properties of the fabricated membranes were ...

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  • Coagulation and Flocculation in Water and

    2018-8-3 · When we used ferric chloride solution (0.1 M, Sigma Aldrich, USA) at 25 °C, instead of the APS to etch the Cu etch process, we observed that the etch rate was high, but the transferred graphene surface was contaminated by an iron-based residue [47, 48], as shown in the optical microscope images in figure S1(a). We also observed, in our ...

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  • Optimized poly(methyl methacrylate)-mediated

    In addition to their optimal water exchange rate, [Gd(DTTA-Nprop)(H 2 O)] 2− has, and [Gd(DO3A-Nprop)(H 2 O)] − is expected to have sufficient thermodynamic stability. These properties together make them prime candidates for the development of high relaxivity, macromolecular MRI contrast agents.

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  • Fine-tuning water exchange on GdIII poly(amino ...

    2012-2-1 · Here, in situ current-voltage measurements are used to determine appropriate conditions for improving the efficiency of a new fullerene derivative in BHJs with poly(3-hexylthiophene). This approach decreases the number of samples required to determine optimal processing conditions by an order of magnitude and could be used to look at annealing ...

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  • Water treatment of a large Swedish lake using poly ...

    2004-3-1 · Fluorescent probes were used to study the kinetics and microstructural aspects of the curing of acrylic adhesives exposed to a 355‐nm pulsed emission from an Nd‐YAG laser. Special features of pulsed‐laser‐induced polymerization were treated in detail, such as the influence of the laser pulse frequency and the incident laser beam intensity.

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  • Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics:

    2016-3-13 · 2.3. The Synthesis of Poly (methyl methacrylate-tourmaline acrylate) Anhydrous dimethylformamide (DMF, 70 mL) was poured into a 250 mL four-neck flask with condenser, funnel, thermometer, and electromagnetic stirrer, then nitrogen was added into DMF for 30 min, and then the flask was heated to 80°C.

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  • Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry:

    2015-3-31 · uncertainty optimal investment decisions and ease of auditing by regulators; Very diverse industry structures among Member States, with high fragmentation in some countries. The traditional features of the distribution business appear to be reflected in the structure and

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  • The Synthesis and Characterization of Poly(methyl ...

    2005-4-1 · A novel nickel(II) α-diimine complex of 2,3-bis(2-phenylphenyl)butane diimine nickel dibromide ({[2-C 6 H 4 (C 6 H 5)] N C (CH 3)C(CH 3) N [2-C 6 H 4 (C 6 H 5)]}NiBr 2) possessing potentially two stereoisomers (complexes a and b) was synthesized for the preparation of long-chain-branched polyethylene with a broad or bimodal molecular weight distribution in the presence of modified ...

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  • Study on tariff design for distribution systems

    2021-1-13 · We present a simulation-based study for identifying promising cell structures, which integrate poly-Si on oxide junctions into industrial crystalline silicon solar cells. The simulations use best ...

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  • Production of Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and Factors ...

    2020-12-4 · The monomer units of PHA can be classified into two groups based on the number of carbon atoms: short-chain and medium-chain length PHAs. The length of the monomer unit plays a critical role in the resulting polymer properties and therefore, prior knowledge of the monomer chemical structure is required to target specific properties of the material for a number of different applications.

    Get Price
  • Optimized poly(methyl methacrylate)-mediated

    2018-8-3 · When we used ferric chloride solution (0.1 M, Sigma Aldrich, USA) at 25 °C, instead of the APS to etch the Cu etch process, we observed that the etch rate was high, but the transferred graphene surface was contaminated by an iron-based residue [47, 48], as shown in the optical microscope images in figure S1(a). We also observed, in our ...

    Get Price
  • Random forest algorithms for recognizing daily life ...

    The analytic conditions were modulated to test (1) different window lengths (1-60 seconds), (2) some selected sensor configurations and (3) different numbers of data features. Results: A window length of 20 s was found to be optimum and therefore used for the rest of the analysis.

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  • Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics:

    2012-2-1 · Here, in situ current-voltage measurements are used to determine appropriate conditions for improving the efficiency of a new fullerene derivative in BHJs with poly(3-hexylthiophene). This approach decreases the number of samples required to determine optimal processing conditions by an order of magnitude and could be used to look at annealing ...

    Get Price
  • (PDF) A statistical approach to optimization of ...

    A statistical approach to optimization of fermentative production of poly(γ-glutamic acid) from Bacillus licheniformis NCIM 2324. Download. Related Papers. Optimized Production of Poly( -Glutamic acid) By Bacillus sp. FBL-2 through Response Surface Methodology Using Central Composite Design.

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  • Nano-ZnO impregnated inorganic–polymer hybrid

    The present study emphasizes investigations of structural and physicochemical features of inorganic–polymer hybrid, thin lm nanocomposite nano ltration (TFN-NF) membranes, prepared by impregnation of as-synthesized nano-ZnO into the polymer skin layer during the in situ interfacial poly-condensation of branched polyethyleneimine (PEI) and tri-

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  • Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry:

    2004-3-1 · Fluorescent probes were used to study the kinetics and microstructural aspects of the curing of acrylic adhesives exposed to a 355‐nm pulsed emission from an Nd‐YAG laser. Special features of pulsed‐laser‐induced polymerization were treated in detail, such as the influence of the laser pulse frequency and the incident laser beam intensity.

    Get Price
  • Nano-synthesis of solid acid catalysts from waste-iron ...

    2020-8-6 · Jabbar Gardy et al. 47 in their study of SO 2 /Fe–Al–TiO 2 catalyst developed from ammonium hydroxide (28–30%, NH 4 OH) and ferric chloride hexahydrate (≥ 98%, FeCl 3 ·6H 2 O) as ...

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  • Effects of walking surfaces and footwear on temporo ...

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of walking surfaces and shoe features on gait variables associated with balance control and the risk of slips and trips in 10 young and 26 older adults. A systematic approach was adopted in which the features of a standard, Oxford-type shoe were individual …

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  • Estimating of optimal dose of PACL for turbidity

    2019-4-16 · O), ferric sulfate Fe 2 (SO 4) 3, ferric chloride (FeCl 3. 6H 2 O) and poly ferric sulfate (PFS) are some of ferric compounds (Olia et al. 2019), usually used for removing organic materials and alga, (Daneshvar, 2009). In surface water treatment, process of coagulation can be done by ferric chloride and aluminum sulfate (Alum). Using these ...

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  • Production of Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and Factors ...

    2020-12-4 · The monomer units of PHA can be classified into two groups based on the number of carbon atoms: short-chain and medium-chain length PHAs. The length of the monomer unit plays a critical role in the resulting polymer properties and therefore, prior knowledge of the monomer chemical structure is required to target specific properties of the material for a number of different applications.

    Get Price
  • Optimized Synthesis of FeS Nanoparticles with a High

    2016-2-16 · Under the optimal conditions, FeS nanoparticles were synthesized, characterized, and observed to check their long-term stability. Furthermore, the FeS nanoparticles were also synthesized at various stabilizer dosages under the optimal conditions and the capability of synthesized FeS nanoparticles was tested to remove Cr(VI) from aqueous solution.

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  • Fabrication of device with poly( N

    2017-10-5 · In this study, we grafted bromo-terminated poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) brushes onto thin gold films deposited on silicon, and then reacted with NaN3 to produce azido-terminated PNIPAAm brushes. A probe sequence of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) with a 4-pentynoic acid succinimidyl ester unit was grafted onto the azido-terminated PNIPAAm brushes through a click …

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  • Heat Treatment Effects on the Mechanical Properties

    In this study the relationships between mechanicals properties and morphology of the poly (lactic acid) (PLA)/poly (butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) blends with or without heat treatment were investigated. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis showed that blends have a two-phase structure indicating that they are immiscible. On the other hand, the PLA/PBAT (30/70) blend ...

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  • Biotechnological Production of

    Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) producers have been reported to reside at various ecological niches which are naturally or accidently exposed to high organic matter or growth limited conditions such as dairy wastes, hydrocarbon contaminated sites, pulp and paper mill wastes, agricultural wastes, activated sludges of treatment plants, rhizosphere, and industrial effluents. Few among them also ...

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  • A Case Study on Polycythemia Vera: Diagnosis

    2019-7-29 · Prehydrolyzate, which is from the prehydrolysis process in dissolving pulps industry, contains various sugar-derived and lignin compounds such as xylooligosaccharides (XOS), gluco-oligosaccharides, xylose, glucose, and soluble lignin (S-L). The XOS has several beneficial effects on human physiology. XOS and S-L in prehydrolyzate are difficult to efficiently fractionate due to their …

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  • A sustainable process for procuring biologically active ...

    A cross-sectional study of 1,443 elderly Canadian bipolar disorder outpatients 44 found at least simple polypharmacy in 81.5%. In the European AMSP database, 45 triple drug therapy was significantly rarer in acutely manic patients older versus younger than age 70. Clinical features …

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